MULTICULTURAL PERSPECTIVE ON THE MOTIVATION OF STUDENTS IN TEACHING PHYSICAL EDUCATION

http://www.scadindependent.org/p/blog-page_8.html

Peter Kaylene; Tressa Lawrence Rosone
State University of New York, New York City, United States

Abstract
With the rollover of a new century, society in America has become more dynamic. These changes in student demographics throughout the U.S. have spawned an increased need for awareness by teachers for their students’ needs across curriculums. This study examined attitudes of high school students toward fitness and sports activities taught in physical education, and the perceived effectiveness of their physical education curriculum for improving their fitness and skill levels. This research has focused on providing teachers with multicultural training with the hope that through this training, teachers will convey the importance of respect and sensitivity for all cultures to their students. Overall, successful physical education teachers in the culturally diverse school setting (e.g., urban schools) tend to maintain high expectations for student accomplishment, provide the best possible learning environments, and implement activities that aid increased student involvement.

Keywords: Multicultural, Motivation, Physical, Education, Diversity

PERFORMANCE OF EMPLOYEES AND IMPACT ON PROMOTION OF POSITION

http://www.scadindependent.org/p/blog-page_8.html

Sarboini
Faculty of Economics, Serambi Mekkah University of Banda Aceh, Indonesia

Abstract
Performance appraisal is an activity controlling the management of a company. This study is an empirical study that aims to determine the effect of performance appraisal and promotion of their work motivation and their impact on employee performance at Serambi Mekkah University. The research was conducted at Serambi Mekkah University. The populations in this study were all employees at Serambi Mekkah University which amounts to 105 people. Data was collected by distributing questionnaires. Primary data were analyzed with path analysis with the aid of SPSS software. The results showed that, performance appraisal and significant positive effect on work motivation. Performance appraisal and promotion of positive and significant effect on the performance of employees at Serambi Mekkah University. In addition, work motivation can enhance the role of employees in Serambi Mekkah University.

Keywords: Performance Appraisal, Promotion, Motivation, Employees

ART AS A CULTURAL INSTRUMENT: The Role of Acehnese Art in Resolving Horizontal Conflict

http://www.scadindependent.org/p/blog-page_8.html

Saifuddin Dhuhri
Faculty Dakwah and Islamic Communication, State College for Islamic Studies, Malikussaleh, Aceh, Indonesia

Abstract
This article begins with explaining the present problems of Acehnese cultural identity, then articulating how the art is usefully employed to solve those difficulties. Relying on post-colonial theories, I formulate the framework that Acehnese art has significant position to handling current cultural problem of Acehnese society. This work offers a cultural resolution of Acehnese present conflict between traditionalist and modernist Muslims, which are represented by Dayah and Muhammadiyah community in Aceh. It is commonly known that Islam is the pride of the Acehnese. To date, there is, however, no certainty about the nature of Islam in Aceh, as heated debate still exists between traditionalist and modernist Muslims upon the nature of Sharia application in the place. This dispute has generated different extreme perspectives upon seeing themselves in the way to treat their cultural identity. Here we establishes that Acehnese art plays great role in bringing togetherness to different groups of Acehnese society, which results in resolving horizontal conflict of Acehnese society. It shows that Acehnese art accommodates to all of different ness of Acehnese communities and, therefore, raises Acehnese collective consciousness.

Keywords: Acehnese art, Horizontal Conflict, Social Cohesion

REDUPLICATION IN THE LOCAL LANGUAGE PAK-PAK BOANG SUBULUSSALAM CITY, ACEH PROVINCE, INDONESIA

http://www.scadindependent.org/p/blog-page_8.html

Yulsafli
Serambi Mekkah University of Banda Aceh, Indonesia

Abstract
This paper examined the reduplication of Pak–Pak Boang language which consists of many reduplication, the speakers of the language are situated in the Rundeng, Subulussalam, Aceh Province. The research aspects to explore are types of reduplication and the forms produced through the reduplication of the language. The purpose of this paper is to describe the types and forms of Pak-Pak Boang language. The method applied in this research was qualitative descriptive, where the data gained through recording, documentary study, and introspection. The result of the findings showed that Pak-Pak Boang language reduplication consisted of four types: Phonology, syntaxes, semantics, and morphology reduplication. The second finding revealed that the reduplication forms were Dwilingga, Dwipurwa, Dwiwasana, and trilingga reduplication, while the process to form reduplication consisted of seven ways: Adjective, Verb, noun, Pronoun, Adverb, Interrogative, and Number reduplication.

Keywords: Pak-Pak Boang Language, Reduplication, Subulussalam

CHARACTER BUILDING OF STUDENTS BY GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING TEACHERS THROUGH GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING SERVICES

http://www.scadindependent.org/p/blog-page_8.html

Nurhasanah; Qathrin Nida
Syiah Kuala University, Banda Aceh, Indonesia

Abstract
This study aims to determine the process and counseling services performed by guidance and counseling (BK) teachers in coaching the students’ character, with the method descriptive qualitative approach. Guidance and counseling are services of assistance given to students to develop their potential, alleviate the problems, and shape the character of the students in accordance with the norms that exist in the neighborhood. The character building of students can be done through guidance and counseling services that are prevention, alleviation and development. The results showed that the process of guidance and counseling was done not in accordance with established procedures and the implementation of observation and data identification to understand the needs within the framework of the preparation of BK program. Besides, the prevention activities were carried out by providing knowledge about the character of the students through information services, content mastery and group counseling as well as involving students in religious activities at school.

Keywords: Character building of students, guidance and counseling services

ALTERNATIVE CONTROL OF INSECT PESTS IN VEGETABLE PLANTS USING LOCAL WISDOM APPROACH

http://www.scadindependent.org/p/blog-page_8.html

Lukmanul Hakim; Abdul Muis
Serambi Mekkah University of Banda Aceh, Indonesia

Abstract
This research aimed to determine the local wisdom of the community of Lembah Seulawah Sub-district, Aceh Besar, Indonesia of controlling insect pests in vegetable plants. In addition, the study intended to examine the impact of using paper as a mechanical trap for insect pests in vegetable plants. Both qualitative and quantitative methods were used in this research. The qualitative data were obtained through interviews with farmers, whereas the quantitative data were collected from an experiment. Thirty randomly-selected respondents were interviewed and then the qualitative and quantitative data processing was performed. The results showed that they still use plant-based materials as insecticides which constitute the local wisdom of controlling insect pests in vegetable plants. The plants used as insecticides were, among others, garlic (Allium satifum), castor bean seeds (Ricinus communis), lemongrass, neem seeds, and thorny amaranth as the trap plants.

Keywords: Alternative Control, Local Wisdom, Vegetable Plants

TRANSMIGRATION, MULTICULTURALISM AND ITS RELATIONSHIP TO CULTURAL DIVERSITY IN EUROPE

http://www.scadindependent.org/p/blog-page_8.html

Christian Grililo La Torre; Katerine Francesca Montalto
1Department of Cultural Studies , University of Rijeka, Rijeka, Croatia;
2Department of Humanities, University of Catania, Catania, Italy.

Abstract
All European societies are ethnically and culturally plural. Historically, the most significant source of cultural (not necessarily synonymous with ethnic) diversity in European nation-states has been regional, often a result of conjoining economically, socially, culturally, linguistically - and indeed ethnically - disparate places into single polities, and (certainly in Northern and Western Europe) engaging them in what the French call nationalization. This paper discusses the relationship between cultural diversity in Europe, and that international movement described as “transnational” (transmigration). Though not as new or as homogeneous as some have proposed, transmigration will grow in importance in the 21st century. Groups or individuals may return to places of origin or “assimilate” into receiving societies, but without resort to unacceptable levels of control of the movement of people, goods and ideas, transmigration will be a prominent structural feature of European societies for the foreseeable future: do we really wish to monitor every exchange between receiving and sending societies? In any case, modern systems of communication (e.g. the Internet), and the cheapness and rapidity of mass international travel make such surveillance difficult, even impossible in a transnational, globalizes world.

Keywords: Transmigration, Transnational, Multiculturalism, Cultural Diversity, Europe

THE CURRENT CIRCUMSTANCES AND CHALLENGES OF MIGRANT LABOR FORCE OF MONGOLIA IN NORTH EASTERN ASIA

http://www.scadindependent.org/p/blog-page_8.html

Z.Altanchimeg; D.Battuya; J.Tungalag
1Department of Management, Business School, National University of Mongolia;
2Accounting, Business School, National University of Mongolia;
3Department of International Trade, Business School, National University of Mongolia.

Abstract
The current study addressed the current circumstances and challenging issues for the Mongolian migrants. We involved in the survey citizens who have been lived and worked in the Republic of South Korea and Japan. According to the results of the survey, working of Mongolian citizens in hazardous and insecure working conditions reveals the weak coherence between regulation and policies towards to the immigration and professional organizations. We concluded that one of the priorities in the area should be developing a sound policy on migrant labor force that meets international labor standard with considering of economic, social policies and then in the implementation process establishing centralized database is crucial.

Keywords: Labor Market, Work Force, Migration

DINIYYAH IN PUBLIC SCHOOLS: A Model of Islamic Curriculum Implementation in Multi Religious Society in Banda Aceh-Indonesia

http://www.scadindependent.org/p/blog-page_8.html

Marzuki
UIN Ar-Raniry Banda Aceh, Indonesia

Abstract
The implementation of Islamic law in Aceh is included education by organizing Islamic curriculum in each level of education. How is the implementation of the curriculum in a multi-religious society like Banda Aceh? Banda Aceh has implemented a model of Islamic education through Diniyyah which has been implemented in all public schools in Banda Aceh since 2011, started with elementary, junior and senior high school. The results showed that the implementation of Islamic curriculum in Banda Aceh through diniyyah been operating effectively and do not make the non-Muslim communities disrupted. The implementation of Islamic education through Diniyyah did not clash with the main curriculum because it was implemented in the afternoon. So, this should be one of the models of Islamic curriculum implementation in Indonesia, particularly in areas which Muslim is majority without denying the existence of minorities.

Keywords: Diniyyah, Islamic Curriculum, Multi religious Society

ISLAMIC APPROACH TO THE ENVIRONMENT AND THE ROLE'S IN THE ENVIRONMENT PROTECTED

http://www.scadindependent.org/p/blog-page_8.html

Meraj Ahmad Meraj
Department of Arabic Aliah University, Kolkata, India

Abstract
The paper studies the Islamic viewpoint about the environment. Environment holds a central position in most of the discussions of development strategies in the contemporary globalizes world. This is why that deteriorating environment is adversely affecting human lives and is a potential danger for future generations. Today, the environmental crisis endangers human being, other living organism and the natural world alike. How should human behave towards the natural environment is remained most important. Technological solution has not been resulting in satisfying outcome. Discussing the role of the Islamic principles of unity, trustee and responsibility, the Quranic teachings may enhance the environmental consciousness among the people which enable them to establish friendly relationship between God, humankind and nature. In this respect, this paper is a humble attempt to understand the Islamic approach to the environment to explore various conceptual dimensions of environmental security and the possible role of Islam in protecting the environment for the broader benefit of humanity. This paper will also discuss the Islamic principles of human behavior to deal with the nature and environment.

Keywords: Environment, Natural Order, Islamic Approach, Quran, Prophetic Tradition