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Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun (JIP) is a multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a very wide-ranging coverage, consolidates fundamental and applied research activities, with the issue of Social Sciences, Natural Science, Education, Politics, Law, Religion, Culture and Public Policies. This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge. JIP as an Open Access journal is licensed under a Creative Commons 4.0 International License (CC-BY-NC-ND) and Department of Labor United States of America, Copyright completely under SCAD Independent.

Editor in Chief: Ramzi Murziqin, Indonesia | Guest Editor: Harrison I. Atagana, South Africa | Publisher: SCAD Independent


VOCATIONAL SCHOOL-INDUSTRY PARTNERSHIP IN IMPROVING GRADUATE COMPETENCY
Murniati AR, Nasir Usman, and Azizah
Paper ID: 745-1475395986
JIP. Ed. 4(3), 2016: 269-280.

Abstract
A wide variety of educational reform on vocational education in accordance with the policy of link and match requires the schools to do the partnership to encourage the improvement of graduate competency and the demands of the relevance of education to the job needs. The purpose of this research is to illustrate and analyze the partnership strategy of vocational schools with the business world in its efforts to improve the graduate competency. This research has been held at SMK 3 Banda Aceh using qualitative descriptive approach. The instrument in this research is a researcher itself. This is because in qualitative approach, the researchers are essential instruments. As key instruments, researchers have to create their own set of the guidelines, observation, interview and documentary of appraisal guidelines that is used as a general guide in the process of recording. The results of the study show that the strategies adopted by SMK in forge cooperation with the world of business and industry are through the establishment of the cooperation program, working mechanism and analysis of factors that affect the holding of cooperation between the two parties.

DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.30860.92800

INFORMAL EDUCATION AS A PROJECTED IMPROVEMENT OF THE PROFESSIONAL SKILLS OF EMPLOYEES OF ORGANIZATIONS
Warul Walidin
Paper ID: 745-1475396090
JIP. Ed. 4(3), 2016: 281-294.

Abstract
Technologies of vocational training play an important role in the concept of informal education and they can be implemented as in higher education, and organizational learning. In the modern understanding of education the two sides are emphasized - the communion of each person to the society and the development of individual personality features. If formal education is moving towards these goals systematically and purposefully at certain training sessions, the place and time of informal education is in no way limited. Informal education can be characterized not only by independent, human progress in cultural development, but also directed and projected improvement of professional and personal skills of employees of organizations. The purpose of this papers to examine informal education not only as an independent, but also as a guide and the projected improvement of the professional and personal skills of employees of organizations. The leading approaches to the study of this problem are social-pedagogical and managerial approaches to substantiate the essence of the process and the role of leaders of organizations trained in the management of such education.

DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.34216.37127

CHALLENGE LEARNING FOR TEACHERS IN RURAL GWERU ZIMBABWE
Gladwin Bhebhe & Matiya Mugurani
Paper ID: 745-1475396394
JIP. Ed. 4(3), 2016: 295-308.

Abstract
The study established that rural day secondary school science teachers face a number of challenges, including inadequate teaching and learning materials, students’ negative attitudes towards science, conflicts between students’ home background and school science, and absence of science teachers’ associations. These challenges could have a direct impact on the teaching and learning of science in rural day secondary schools. The opening of rural day secondary schools in Zimbabwe was a great challenge in terms of providing science education to all students because the newly opened secondary schools did not have conventional laboratories and equipment that would facilitate the teaching and learning of science. This study sought to find out the challenges faced by rural day secondary school science teachers in Gweru district of Zimbabwe and propose a way forward. Questionnaires, interviews and observations were used to collect data pertaining to the challenges that were faced by the teachers.

DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.12405.99042

TEACHER COMPETENCE TEST OF ISLAMIC PRIMARY TEACHERS EDUCATION IN STATE ISLAMIC PRIMARY SCHOOLS (MIN) OF PIDIE REGENCY
Nufiar and Saifullah
Paper ID: 745-1475396691
JIP. Ed. 4(3), 2016: 309-320.

Abstract
This study aims at examining the readiness of the Diploma-II holders of Primary Teachers Education of STIT AL-Hilal Sigli in drawing up the Lesson Plan and implementing the teaching and learning interactions in the classroom. In particular, the study attempts to figure out whether the teaching and learning interaction meet the methods listed in the Lesson Plan (RPP) and the assessment system of learner’s performance in Islamic Primary schools throughout Pidie regency. The sample of this study is nineteen Islamic Primary schools throughout Pidie regency. While to collect data from the research field, the researchers used observation, interviews, and documents. The result indicates that: (1) in general, the teachers have good and considerate preparation in drawing up the Lesson Plan within a sufficient time instead having an extemporaneous teaching. They commonly conducted the Lesson Plan preparation through the discussion with other fellow teachers which avoids them from having a significant obstacle. The only considerable stumbling blocks are the learning source, learning media, and psychological factors. All the written Lesson Plans will be accounted to the principal, superintendent, and the education department. Otherwise, the teachers will be penalized for not making one. (2) The method specified in the Lesson Plan does not correspond to the methods used in teaching and learning in general. (3) The respondents generally do not apply taxonomic Bloom in the grading system in schools where they are in charge.

DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.19116.87689

IMPLEMENTATION THE PEDAGOGICAL CONTENT KNOWLEDGE (PCK) OF PHYSIC TEACHER BASED-ON STUDENTS LEARNING OUTCOMES AT SMAN 4 BANDA ACEH, INDONESIA
Saminan and Roza Zulfira
Paper ID: 745-1475397003
JIP. Ed. 4(3), 2016: 321-332.

Abstract
One of the factors of low student learning outcomes on physic learning coursed lack of ability teachers in effecting the pedagogic practice and knowing subject matter in the learning environment. Pedagogical content knowledge (PCK) is the blending of pedagogical knowledge and content knowledge which must have by teachers in realizing learning objectives. This research aims to showed the implementation pedagogical content knowledge (PCK) of physic teacher based on students learning outcomes on measurement and magnitude material at class of X IA4 SMAN 4 Banda Aceh. Outcomes of this research are: the average value of students learning outcomes is 80 with description the PCK of physic teacher are 95% teacher have understood students of characteristics in learning process, 67% teacher success in planning of learning, 70% teacher success in implementing learning activities, 67% teacher success in evaluating learning outcomes, 75% teacher has been able developing the potentials of the students, and 75% teacher has mastered the science of substances.

DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.15761.43360

COMPARATIVE EDUCATION IN THE EDUCATIONAL SYSTEMS AND PROBLEMS IN LIKENESSES AND DIFFERENCES BETWEEN REGIONS OF THE WORLD
Monica Steinbach and Shahrzad Afroozeh
Paper ID: 745-1475397129
JIP. Ed. 4(3), 2016: 333-346.

Abstract
This paper is to consider the term “comparative” in its more restricted sense, in the way the term is used in various comparative fields of study. It is somewhat curious that scholars in our field of comparative education have never attempted to sort out the various meanings of the term “comparative.” I do not plan to draw a firm distinction between the two spheres, though it might be helpful to suggest that “comparative education” is generally regarded as the more academic or scientific aspect of the field, while international education is related to “cooperation, understanding, and exchange” elements of the field. I feel we must reject the hegemonic claims of science. We recall, for example, that Comte believed society traversed through various stages, from religion, to philosophy, then to science. His mistake, from my vantage point, was to place these ways of knowing in a hierarchical framework, which makes philosophy a second-rate means of knowing, and religion a third-rate means of knowing. My own orientation is to place them parallel with each other. There is a place for the spiritual, a place for the philosophical, and a place for the scientific, and any attempt to place one exclusively over the other is inappropriate.

DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.22472.32004

THE FACTORS THAT EFFECT ON INTERNAL AUDITOR INDEPENDENCE IN THE ACEH BANKING SECTOR
Dwi Meilvi Nasvita
Paper ID: 745-1475397350
JIP. Ed. 4(3), 2016: 357-368.

Abstract
This study aimed to examine the factors that effect on internal auditor independence of the internal auditor, namely the competence of internal auditors, management intervention, employee participation and regulation of the company. The sample of this research is internal auditing staff at banks of Aceh. Data were collected through the distribution of questionnaires to respondents using multiple linear regression analysis. The results showed that all factors have influences on the independence of internal auditor, simultaneously or partially. While auditor competence, employee participation, and company regulation have positive influence, management intervention has a negative influence on the independence of the internal auditors.

DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.11567.12968

SOCIAL IMPACT OF MANGROVE LAND CONVERSION IN DIMENSIONS AS RURAL SUSTAINABILITY
A Hadian Pratama, Budi Gunawan, and Budi Cahya
Paper ID: 745-1475397652
JIP. Ed. 4(3), 2016: 357-368.

Abstract
Mangrove ecosystem is an important part of the coastal environment. One of the problems in almost all coastal areas in Indonesia is the degradation of mangrove area. In the coastal areas of Langkat Regency, precisely in the Tapak Kuda Village is also facing the same thing. In the last 15 years, mangrove area has reduced quite high. One of them is caused by the conversion of mangrove land into ponds. The existence of mangrove ecosystems is related to socio-economic life of society that causes the decline of mangrove area and the changing environmental conditions of social life. The results showed that the conversion of mangrove land brought the social impact on residents’ lives. Changes in the types of jobs are fishermen decreased 24%, the percentage of farmers rose 19% and fish farmers also rose 10%. Income-related conditions, 24% of people feel steady and have sufficient income to meet the families’ needs, 43% of people feel sometimes high income is not enough to meet families’ needs and 33% of people feel low income that make the families’ needs are not fulfilled. The condition of public education level has increased, the percentage of people completing primary school rose 7%, junior high was up 21%, and high school 16%. Regarding the use of natural resources, there were only 35% of the natural resources that could be managed by the community. Community land use patterns are 10% of ponds, 30% of fields, 20% of fishing areas and 40% of conservation areas.

DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.31699.78887

FEDERALISM CRITICAL ARGUMENTS AS THE TRANSFIGURATIONS OF NIGERIAN FEDERALISM
Hilary Achinike and Stephens Ogbonna
Paper ID: 745-1475397757
JIP. Ed. 4(3), 2016: 369-382.

Abstract
The debate concerning Nigeria’s political life has, in recent years, pervaded several fora as Nigeria’s political life remains under the shadow of an enigma. The basic tenets of federalism touched by a global wind of democracy, quite forceful in some regions of the world, are said to be a field and sweeping across all continents. But in contemporary Nigeria, as in Africa generally, authoritarianism reigns. Federalism critical arguments hold, in spite of its many global ‘bastard’ incarnates which in Nigeria shows as weak, emaciated and a pitiable thing. This paper argues that the body politic of Nigeria is congenially unreceptive to the reproductive seeds of a largely potent federalism. It is this ‘unreceptive environment’ that this paper has characterized as the transfigurations of Nigerian federalism.

DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.28344.34567

MULTICULTURALISM AS AN ALTERNATIVE A CULTURAL ORIENTATION TO EDUCATION IN THE ASPECT OF CULTURE AS THE AXIOLOGICAL FOCUS
Rinat Suzanne and Liana Nathalie
Paper ID: 745-1475397868
JIP. Ed. 4(3), 2016: 383-394.

Abstract
Multiculturalism occurs naturally when a society is willing to accept the culture of immigrants. Multiculturalism has been defined as a method whereby culturally diverse groups are accorded status and recognition, not just at the individual level, but in the institutional structures of the society. Multiculturalists’ perspectives have had a deep influence in the social sciences, and particularly in the field of education. Although it aims to improve society, multiculturalism has been criticized for adopting an essentialist approach to culture, because the calling for the appreciation and recognition of cultural variety. To achieve a situation in which culture has no exclusive value requires reevaluation of the concepts of culture and identity as accepted in the West over the past few centuries, examining epistemological and ontological conceptions and how they shape political and social organizations reflected in the nation-state. Just as culture is soft, permeable and dynamic, so too is the cultural self and its identity. If multiculturalism seeks a solution to distinctions that engender problems in a modern world in which many cultures are situated in one social space, we maintain that such distinctions are problematic and even erroneous. Modernity did not give rise to a multiplicity of cultures but rather to extensive cultural and social variation.

DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.35055.23201